Western red cedar
Western red cedar (Thuja plicata) is a coniferous tree that grows on the west coast of North America. It is used to build the soundboard and sometimes for internal components. It has a creamy brown color, sometimes with red or yellow hues and has a fine texture with straight, even grain. The wood is famous for its darker yet punchy sound, and it typically has a round, mellow tone. The wood is being used as a substitute for European spruce since the 1970s, when it was first used by Jose Ramirez II.
ebony from Africa for fingerboard.
Premium wood for back and sides.
East Indian rosewood
Sycamore maple (Acer pseudoplatanus), also known as European mountain maple is a tree that grows in mountainous areas in Europe. It is used for the back and sides of the guitar. Regarding appearance, it has a creamy white, sometimes golden color. The grain can sometimes be wavy, curly (thus the wood is known then as Curly maple), and can present unique figures which give it a distinct appearance. This wood produces a bright, clear sound, and it has been used for centuries in the making of bowed instruments, guitars and many others.
Mahogany for necks
Engelmann spruce (Picea engelmanni) is a coniferous tree that grows on the west coast of North America. It is used as an alternative wood for the soundboard, replacing European spruce. Compared to European spruce, it has a lighter color, typically a creamy white, and has a very fine texture and grain. The sound is similar to European spruce, although it is slightly mellower.
European spruce (Picea abies) is a coniferous tree that grows mainly in the mountainous areas and boreal parts of Europe. In guitar making, it is used to build the soundboard and some internal components.The wood is typically white, although with age it turns to a deep yellow, and has a fine, even texture with straight grain. The sound produced by this wood is crystal clear, with rich overtones, and has many tonal subtleties. It is the traditional wood used to build stringed instruments in Europe for centuries.